ICAO PANS-OPS Instrument Procedures Design

Air Traffic Services

Course Outline

This advanced course provides you with the competencies to perform the duties of a procedure designer. It covers the theory and applications of the specifications contained in ICAO Doc 8168 PANS-OPS (Procedures for Air Navigation Services) in line with recommendations from the Instrument Flight Procedures Panel. It also examines the required applications of electronic geographic databases, prevalent applications of computer-aided techniques requiring increased emphasis and quality assurance processes.  


8 weeks

S$10,800 / US$8,350

^Fees are being reviewed and subject to change. Participants will be notified of the actual course fees when they are issued the Letter of Acceptance.

What You Will Learn

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

  • Apply general criteria for procedures design as well as specific criteria for non-precision approaches using conventional navigation, precision approaches PBN approaches including LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, SBAS and RNP AR.
  • Identify the latest trends in the formulation of instrument procedures
  • Understand the theory of the various criteria specified in ICAO Document 8168 in the design of instruments procedures

Who Should Attend

This course is beneficial to operational personnel from civil aviation administrations, airport authorities, air navigation service providers, airlines and personnel from other organisations who require in-depth knowledge of the principles and applications of instrument procedures design standards and criteria.  

Assessment And/Or Certification


  • Have achieved a level of Mathematics competency equivalent to ‘high school’ standard
  • You must enclose documentary evidence together with your application form to show that you satisfy 1 of the following criteria:
    • Be a qualified pilot
    • Have an engineering background
    • Have experience in a field providing knowledge of aircraft instrument operations

Learning Activities

  • Assignments
  • Examinations
  • Practical Laboratory Procedures Design Sessions



What Is Covered

Module I: General Criteria and Conventional Practices

  • ICAO’s Standards and Recommended Practices
  • ICAO documentation
  • General criteria
  • Non-precision approach
  • Precision approach (instrument landing system - ILS)
  • Instrument departures: Conventional

Module II: Criteria for RNAV, GNSS and RNP

  • Area Navigation (RNAV) introduction and basics
  • Required Navigation Performance (RNP)
  • Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
  • PBN concept and turn protections (NEW)
  • ARINC 424 Path terminators (NEW)
  • LNAV, LNAV/VNAV (Baro-VNAV) procedures
  • Augmented GNSS (APV-I/ CAT I / NPA)
  • PBN departures
  • PBN transitions to ILS (NEW)
  • RNP AR (ICAO DOC 9905) (NEW)
  • Flight validation procedures

Module I: General Criteria and Conventional Practices or Module II: Criteria for RNAV, GNSS and RNP are available as stand-alone courses. 

Module I: 5 weeks

Module II: 3 weeks

Full course: 8 weeks


  • Group Discount – Enjoy a group discount for three or more participants registered at the same time for the same course run from the same organisation and billing source:
    • Three to six : 10%
    • Seven to nine : 15%
    • Ten or more : 20%